Harlem Hellfighter Receives Congressional Medal of Honor Posthumously

Harlem Hellfighter Receives Congressional Medal of Honor Posthumously

Henry Lincoln Johnson (1897-1929), who served valiantly as part ofHarlem Hellfighter the 369th regiment (known as the Harlem Hellfighters) received the Congressional Medal of Honor posthumously in a ceremony at the White House on June 2, 2015, almost one hundred years after his return from war.

At the same White House ceremony, Sgt. William Shemin (1896-1973) , another World War I hero, was also honored with the Congressional Medal of Honor. Shemin had faced discrimination because he was Jewish.

“We are a nation, a people, who remember our heroes,” President Barack Obama said of the two men, according to press reports. “They both left us decades ago, before we could give them the full recognition that they deserve. But it’s never too late to say thank you.

“It takes our nation too long, sometimes, to say so,” he continued. “We have work to do as a nation to make sure that all of our heroes’ stories are told. The least we can do is to say, ‘We know who you are, we know what you did for us. We are forever grateful.’”

Johnson is only the second African American to receive the Medal of Honor for World War I service. 

Harlem Hellfighters Exhibited Great Bravery

Johnson, a member of the all-black 369th Infantry Regiment, was Harlem Hellfighterspassed over for U.S. governmental honors for nearly eight decades.  Just after the war, Johnson received the distinguished Croix de Guerre by the French under whose flag the 369th fought. His ribbon also featured a golden palm for “extraordinary valor;” he was the first American to receive this high honor from the French government.

He received no honors from the United States, and the Harlem Hellfighters were barred from participating in the Victory Parade in New York City in 1918.

However, Johnson was acknowledged for his deeds by the American military as they used him for a period of time to help with recruitment. Following this, Johnson returned to Albany but was unable to find work because of pain from his war injuries. He died destitute at age 32.  Someone took note of who he was, however, and he did receive burial at Arlington National Cemetery.

Congressional medal lf hEventually a group of scholars and activists took up Johnson’s cause and in 1996, he received a posthumous Purple Heart. The group went on to campaign for further recognition, and in 2003 he was given the Distinguished Service Cross.

“America can’t change what happened to Henry Johnson,” Obama said. “We can’t change what happened to too many soldiers like him who went uncelebrated because America judged them by the color of their skin and not the content of their character. But we can do our best to make it right.”

To read the full story of Henry Lincoln Johnson, click here.  For more on the Harlem Hellfighters, click here.


3 thoughts on “Harlem Hellfighter Receives Congressional Medal of Honor Posthumously”

  1. It is a crying shame how this Veteran was treated. Not all just by “the color of his skin,” either, as most Veterans from that War were mistreated by the Government and held in disdain by the isolationists. I disagree with Obama’s blanket statement, “who went uncelebrated because America judged them by the color of their skin.” Stop vilifying all of America. Racism was an affliction not practiced by all Americans, nor was it indicative of America.

  2. I agree with you… the way the Harlem Hellfighters were treated during World War I, followed by our reluctance to honor them afterward was representative of a few—not the many. Thanks for posting.

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